1. Holy Spirit is a person
A. He is a "HE" not an "IT".
The gender of the noun is a gender not an object or thing.
B. The characteristics of the Holy Spirit also shows that he is a person.
a. Blaspheming against the Holy Spirit
31 And so I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven.
32 Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but anyone who speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.
b. He teaches us
But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.
c. He can be lied to
Then Peter said, "Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit and have kept for yourself some of the money you received for the land?
d. He gives direction for evangelism
While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them."
e. He can be grieved
And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.
2. Holy Spirit is God (Trinity)
A. The Bible teaches clearly that there in only one God.
B. The Bible clearly teaches that God is in three persons - Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
C. Denying the Trinity is wrong.
- At times God is the Father
- At times God is the Son
- At times God is the Holy Spirit
D. The teaching of Trinity teaches us that there are 3 separate spirit essences, 3 distinct minds. They are ONE only as the Husband and the Wife are ONE.
E. 1. God is one.
Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.
"The most important one," answered Jesus, "is this: 'Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one.
10 "You are my witnesses," declares the LORD, "and my servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe me and understand that I am he. Before me no god was formed, nor will there be one after me.
11 I, even I, am the LORD, and apart from me there is no savior.
"This is what the LORD says-- Israel's King and Redeemer, the LORD Almighty: I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God.
2. God is a plural person
a. Let us make man in our image.
Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground."
b. Here it is Elohim - in plural
4 Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one.
5 Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength.
For singular - "Yachid" in Hebrew.
3. In the New Testament
18 This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.
19 Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly.
20 But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.
21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins."
22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet:
23 "The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel" --which means, "God with us."
16 As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on him.
17 And a voice from heaven said, "This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased."
Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
"When the Counselor comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father, he will testify about me.
2 Corinthians 13:14
May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
18 For through him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit.
21 In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple in the Lord.
22 And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit.